Among the many items we have in collection are a pair of simple tobacco tins.
But what is that? An evidence label?
Why were these held as evidence? Lets take a closer look.
Well, they held “bulk marijuana.”
It turns out these tins were collected in the 1930s as part of the first arrest for the sale of marijuana in Douglas County. Oddly enough, the objects were secured by a Mr. Benhamm and witnessed by a Mrs. Benhamm. I was talking to the curator and she wonders if this was a incident of citizens arrest by a married couple. Could you imagine some husband and wife arresting some people on the street today?
Now for historical context!
(Source: PBS) From the 17th-19th century, hemp was not a big deal in the US and was a common crop used for ropes, fabric, and clothing. In 1619 every farmer was REQUIRED to grow it and was considered legal tender in Pennsylvania, Virginia, and Maryland. During the late 19th century, marijuana was added to various medicines and was sold in pharmacies. However, after the Mexican Revolution in 1910, there was an influx of Mexican immigrants who introduced Americans to the recreational use of marijuana. Racism towards these immigrants gave rise to the new association of violent crimes to both marijuana and the Mexican immigrants.Then came the Great Depression, where poverty and unemployment increased racism towards immigrants and prompted the government to became more involved in the issue of marijuana. The 1930s saw the emergence of the Federal Bureau of Narcotics, the Uniform State Narcotic Act, the film Reefer Madness, and finally the Marijuana Tax Act, which basically criminalized marijuana. The subsequent years would witness ups and downs in public sentiment about the drug, so if you would like to learn more check out PBS.
So how does this all connect back to those little tins? Well I do not know who owned those tins, but by the time they were confiscated on October 23rd, 1934 popular option was that marijuana was an “evil weed”. According to the Encyclopedia of Drug Policy, the Uniform State Narcotic Act allowed each state to decide how they handled marijuana. However, due to racism, states closer to Mexico and/or ones with a large population of Mexican farmers often decided to crack down on drug.
As you can see, Kansas wasn’t too close to Mexico, however according to the Kansas State Historical Society, the period between 1900-1930 saw the largest influx of Mexican immigrants into the state and, as we know, farming has and still is a big deal here. I couldn’t find out exactly which states became anti-marijuana but by the time it no longer became a state-by-state option in 1942, 22 states already were.
So what happened that day when Benhamm seized these tins? Unfortunately, our records don’t reveal much. Still, isn’t it amazing how a couple of tobacco tins can take lead you to so much more information! That is why they are my favorite objects. So innocuous and yet they hold such an amazing story.
-Jilliene Jaeger, Public Programs Intern